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» Read ↠´ Hackers and Painters: Big Ideas from the Computer Age by Paul Graham » The hackers and painters link is tenuous at best, and I didn t find much of the stuff in here revolutionary, but it was published in 2004 and I tend to agree with most of it It seems to be mostly geared toward inspiring nerds to make conscious decisions in the career, be it starting a business or otherwise even if it does claim to be aimed at anyone interested in learning about software and software systems All that said, Graham is a decent writer He adopts an authoritative tone which people might find annoying, but when it comes down to it these are opinion pieces and it s tough to expect otherwise.
A fun to read mix of insight and ideology, Graham is someone we can learn from no matter which side of the box he s thinking on His essay on nerds Why Nerds are Unpopular is still a favorite, even while his essay on disparity of wealth Mind the Gap is among the most unreflective apologies for anarcho capitalism I ve ever read.
I was, at least, inspired enough while reading Graham to put a few thoughts together those interested can find them here.
The Computer World Is Like An Intellectual Wild West, In Which You Can Shoot Anyone You Wish With Your Ideas, If You Re Willing To Risk The Consequences From Hackers Painters Big Ideas From The Computer Age, By Paul GrahamWe Are Living In The Computer Age, In A World Increasingly Designed And Engineered By Computer Programmers And Software Designers, By People Who Call Themselves Hackers Who Are These People, What Motivates Them, And Why Should You Care Consider These Facts Everything Around Us Is Turning Into Computers Your Typewriter Is Gone, Replaced By A Computer Your Phone Has Turned Into A Computer So Has Your Camera Soon Your TV Will Your Car Was Not Only Designed On Computers, But Has Processing Power In It Than A Room Sized Mainframe Did In Letters, Encyclopedias, Newspapers, And Even Your Local Store Are Being Replaced By The InternetHackers Painters Big Ideas From The Computer Age, By Paul Graham, Explains This World And The Motivations Of The People Who Occupy It In Clear, Thoughtful Prose That Draws On Illuminating Historical Examples, Graham Takes Readers On An Unflinching Exploration Into What He Calls An Intellectual Wild West The Ideas Discussed In This Book Will Have A Powerful And Lasting Impact On How We Think, How We Work, How We Develop Technology, And How We Live Topics Include The Importance Of Beauty In Software Design, How To Make Wealth, Heresy And Free Speech, The Programming Language Renaissance, The Open Source Movement, Digital Design, Internet Startups, And I am a fan of PG s essays, so I was looking forward to reading this book Unfortunately, it is just a collection of essays he has published online If you have read the essays available on his website, you can safely skip this book.
In many of the essays, PG makes statements such as The time to code a program depends mainly on its length which are ridiculous I know he is trying to appeal to a wider audience, but staying stuff like this without anything to back it up is ridiculous Some of his arguments go like this 1 Controversial statement2 Because of 1, controversial statement 23 Because of 3, our conclusion Viola Full review and highlights at was looking at my highlights for Paul Graham s Hackers and Painters and it seems like I basically highlighted the entire book It s that good.
At its core, this is a book about how changes in technology particularly computer tech has changed economic and social realities and the new breed of tech savvy doers that these technological shifts have brought to the forefront of our society.
Graham begins at the beginning of the alpha nerd s journey middle school He launches a withering salvo of criticism at the current educational system a system which he fashions of a prison than a temple of learning He s a sharp critic of what he proclaims the emptiness of school life and he points out that Misrule breeds rebellion in reference to troubled schools Graham also contends that the total lack of real purpose in schools is the root of the crazy teenage drama that goes on in middle schools and high schools around the country.
He moves on to discussing the role of makers in society from the eponymous hackers to painters He makes a great observation which is that while both of these professions involve creating things, painting has a far longer tradition of training and educating its practitioners Graham notes that almost all great programmers are self taught, but the lack of a good training regimen for programmers means that society misses out on a lot of potentially great hackers.
Graham touches on the often subversive, counter authority, and contrarian culture of hackers noting, Whatever the reason, there seems a clear correlation between intelligence and willingness to consider shocking ideas He goes on a bit of a justified rant against political correctness and moral fashions noting that, when people are bad at open mindedness, they don t know it In fact they tend to think the opposite Remember, it s the nature of fashion to be invisible It wouldn t work otherwise He also emphasizes how goddam patriotic it is to be a hacker There is such a thing as American ness There s nothing like living abroad to teach you that And if you want to know whether something will nurture or squash this quality, it would be hard to find a better focus group than hackers, because they come closest of any group I know to embodying it He pulls in a great Jefferson quote too When you read what the founding fathers had to say for themselves, they sound like hackers The spirit of resistance to government, Jefferson wrote, is so valuable on certain occasions, that I wish it always to be kept alive Imagine an American president saying that today Like the remarks of an outspoken old grandmother, the sayings of the the founding fathers have embarrassed generations of their less confident successors They remind us where we come from They remind us that it is the people who break rules that are the source of America s wealth and power In the next section of the book, Graham discusses the nature of writing code itself He emphasizes the design and complexity of software designing web based software is like designing a city rather than a building as well as buildings you need roads, street signs, utilities, police and fire departments, and plans for both growth and various kinds of disasters He notes that, with the rise of industrialization there are fewer and fewer craftsmen One of the biggest remaining groups is computer programmers Graham s next topic is on wealth creation and why startups are so good at it He claims that I think every one who gets rich by their own efforts will be found to be in a situation with measurement and leverage Everyone I can think of does CEOs, movie stars, hedge fund managers, professional athletes A good hint to the presence of leverage is the possibility of failure He also puts forth some pretty bold historical analysis Understanding this may help to answer an important question why Europe grew so powerful Was it something about the geography of Europe Was it that Europeans are somehow racially superior Was it their religion The answer or at least the proximate cause may be that the Europeans rode on the crest of a powerful new idea allowing those who made a lot of money to keep it He pulls out a few great examples of technology fundamentally reshaping society, noting But it was not till the Industrial Revolution that wealth creation definitively replaced corruption as the best way to get rich In England, at least, corruption only became unfashionable and in fact only started to be called corruption when there started to be other, faster ways to get rich Technology had made it possible to create wealth faster than you could steal it The prototypical rich man of the nineteenth century was not a courtier but an industrialist In regards to the increasing income gap, Graham says, Will technology increase the gap between rich and poor It will certainly increase the gap between the productive and the unproductive That s the whole point of technology Technology should increase the gap in income, but it seems to decrease other gaps A hundred years ago, the rich led a different kind of life from ordinary people They lived in houses full of servants, wore elaborately uncomfortable clothes, and travelled about in carriages drawn by teams of horses which themselves required their own houses and servants Now, thanks to technology, the rich live like the average person A great money quote from Graham is, It s absolute poverty you want to avoid, not relative poverty If, as the evidence so far implies, you have to have one or the other in your society, take relative poverty You need rich people in your society not so much because in spending their money they create jobs, but because of what they have to do to get rich I m not talking about the trickle down effect here I m not saying that if you let Henry Ford get rich, he ll hire you as a waiter at his next party I m saying that he ll make you a tractor to replace your horse The rest of the book is a rant on programming languages and a lot of love for the esoteric Lisp programming language Probably not of general interest.
Overall though, this book really blew me away Everything he says seems obvious in retrospect, but that s because he s a genius The way he approaches this immense topic is totally unique among all the stuff I ve read and Graham certainly has the credentials to back it up Required reading for citizens of the 21st century.
A collection of essays that are thought provoking and insightful Oh, and he makes nerds look super cool, so a big thumbs up from me I recommend it to programmers and people interested in computer science.
A collection of essays from Paul Graham, a programmer who strongly advocates LISP programming This book provides deep insights into nerd s life, hacker, entrepreneurship, and, which I enjoy the most, programming language Paul showed why LISP is the most powerful programming language by comparing it with many other programming language C, Java, Perl, Python, Ruby 4 star only because the info is somehow out of date Here is my quick notes Chap 1 Reading about nerds in school made something inside me resonate.
Chap 2 Hackers and Painters Hacking and Painting have a lot in common Computer Science is not a good term mathematicians people in between hackers Universities and research labs force hackers to be scientists, and companies force them to be engineers One way to build great software is to start your own startup but 2 problems have to do so much besides write software, 2 not much overlap between the kind of software that makes money and the kind that s interesting to write ex hacking programming languages doesn t pay as well as figuring out how to connect some company s legacy database to their web server Solution day jobs you have one kind of work you do for money, and another for love hackers learn to hack by doing hackers start original, and get good, and scientists start good, and get original hackers can learn to program by looking at good programs not just what they do, but at the source code hackers should have empathy for users, readers Chap 3 What you can t say Chap 4 Good Bad AttitudeChap 5 The Other Road AheadChap 6 How to make Wealth Chap 10 Programming Language Explained Chap 11 The Hundred year Language Chap 12 Beating the Averages Chap 13 Revenge of the Nerds All languages are not equivalent Java, Perl, Python, Ruby Lisp an effort to define a convenient alternative to the Turing machine John McCarthy 9 ideas of Lisp Conditionals A function type Recursion Dynamic typing Garbage collection Programs composed of expressions A symbol type A notation for code using trees of symbols and constants The whole language there all the time Chap 14 The Dream Language succintness is one place where statically typed language lose.
Chap 15 Design and Research

This book is a collection of essays by Paul Graham co founder of Y Combinator , the essays are written in a really good style, the book is inspirational and thought provoking It provide lots of insights on programming, startups, entrepreneurship, nerds, etc The essays on programming languages are very interesting, Paul Graham clearly knows what he s talking about especially that he is co creating a new Lisp dialect called Arc But I didn t like it when he arguments on why Lisp is the most powerful programming language every now and then, it is probably because the essays weren t written with the idea of compiling them afterwards in a book, so you find that a lot of ideas are repeated throughout the book The essays that I like the most were the ones where he recounts how he started Viaweb with Robert Morris before it got bought by Yahoo a few years later, the story of Viaweb is such an inspiration.
Meh This started out promising While it may provide inspirational fodder for young, technological entrepreneurs, everyone else might soon find the tone obnoxious and constant extrapolation tedious Graham is at his best when he sticks to what he knows programming and business technology As such, the best chapter is programming languages explained This chapter held the most accessible explanation on language analytic that I ve ever come across, and is a pleasure to read Other chapters, such as how to make wealth might be of interest to someone with little understanding of economies of wealth, but to anyone else, it pretty much comes off as an Ayn Rand diatribe The hacker painter metaphor wears thin pretty fast thankfully, he doesn t return to it.
Not a waste of a book, but I expected Great for a first year comp sci arts minor It s easily possible to pick and choose what you would like to read, for this book is written as a collection of essays If your looking for something in the same vein, but far rewarding godel escher bach.
What I expected going in was interested parallels on the process of creating software versus other creative arts, and what Graham had learned across multiple disciplines That I can dig.
What I got is a string of thinly justified essays that are lionising The Uber1337 Hacker as a misunderstood maverick agent for changing that is only being kept back by The Man.
Graham is a smart man far smarter than me, and he s written a lot software But the tone of the book is grating, because a he keeps coming back to that one point again and againb he never stoops to justifying his claims with a backing argument.
In Graham s view, the hacker is the central agent of change, of creating value, and while that may be true in his experience, it s a tremendously limited viewpoint, and he comes across as remarkably arrogant towards anything outside his experience The biggest danger in this is people with half his intelligence justifying their own worldview via his writing.
I d be a lot less annoyed with this book if Graham did himself a giant favour and didn t introduce his views on how economics interacts with society He s obviously entitled to a viewpoint, but it s a remarkably cloistered one, and without justifying his opinion, it just comes off as another rich white guy wondering why people are griping instead of getting out there and Making Stuff go get em tiger The essays in here on programming and what he s learned from art are interesting I d love to read a whole book extrapolating on these points.